Close-range Scene Segmentation and Reconstruction of 3D Point Cloud Maps for Mobile Manipulation in Human Environments

TitleClose-range Scene Segmentation and Reconstruction of 3D Point Cloud Maps for Mobile Manipulation in Human Environments
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsRusu, Radu Bogdan., Blodow, Nico., Marton, Zoltan Csaba., and Beetz, Michael
Conference NameThe 22nd IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)
Date Published10/2009
Conference LocationSt. Louis, MO, USA
Keywordsperception
Abstract

In this paper we present a framework for 3D
geometric shape segmentation for close-range scenes used in mobile manipulation and grasping, out of sensed point cloud data. Our proposed approach proposes a robust geometric mapping pipeline for large input datasets that extracts relevant objects useful for a personal robotic assistant to perform manipulation tasks. The objects are segmented out from partial views and a reconstructed model is computed by fitting geometric primitive classes such as planes, spheres, cylinders, and cones. The geometric shape coefficients are then used to reconstruct missing data. Residual points are resampled and triangulated, to create smooth decoupled surfaces that can be manipulated. The resulted map is represented as a hybrid concept and is comprised of 3D shape coefficients and triangular meshes used for collision avoidance in manipulation routines.

URLhttp://files.rbrusu.com/publications/Rusu09IROS_CloseHybrid.pdf